What You Need to Know About Hunting Muzzleloaders

What You Need to Know About Hunting Muzzleloaders

If you love to hunt, get a muzzleloader. Many states offer extended muzzleloader hunting seasons that provide low-competition opportunities to enjoy the woods without the crowds.

Before you start comparing the performance and price of new muzzleloaders, check your state’s regulations on muzzleloading hunting.  The legal requirements of each state are different and some are so stringent that they might choose your new muzzleloader for you.

Some states have special Flintlock-only seasons which restrict hunters to the most primitive of muzzleloaders.  Other states don’t allow scopes on muzzleloaders, while some have minimum caliber requirements. There are even restrictions on which type of bullets and powder you can use. It’s essential that you carefully study your state’s hunting regulations before diving into the world of black powder.

This hunter, Dan Doty, killed a great-tasting whitetail buck with his muzzle loader on public land in North Dakota.

When you do begin shopping for a muzzleloader, be prepared to spend $300-$500 for a quality, mid-priced rifle.  Since you will end up cleaning a muzzleloader often—in fact, Black powder is still used by many hunters, but black-powder substitutes like Hogdon Triple-7 make for easier cleaning.  28” barrels are fairly common – these are long, heavy, and quite accurate. The .50 caliber is the most common muzzleloading rifle, and it is accepted in all states. Bullet and accessories for .50 caliber rifles are widely available.

Because some states allow scoped muzzleloaders and others do not, it’s handy to have a rifle with a rail that can accept both open sights and a scope.  A muzzleloader does not need too powerful a scope, due to the limited shooting range.  A 150-yard shot is considered long by many muzzleloader hunters. A fixed 4-power scope works great.  Many of the current muzzleloaders on the market come with open sights fitted with fiber optic wires that increase your ability to shoot in low-light conditions. These are great at closer ranges, but they can begin to obscure your image of the target when shooting past 100 yards. For those who want to shoot at longer distances in areas that prohibit the use of scopes on muzzleloaders, try using a peep sight. Many hunters consider these to be an ideal compromise between open sights and a scope.

Common Types of Open Sights

A few common styles of open sights. When shooting with open sights, it’s best to visually “set” the target (in this case, a gray dot) on top of the sight post.
Men's Uncompahgre 2.0 Puffy Jacket
Save this product
First Lite
$200.00
Light and packable but warm and comfortable over a wide range of conditions, this is one of our favorites. It goes pretty much everywhere.
Shop Now
Bino Harness PRO-M
Save this product
FHF Gear
$125.00
Made with high-quality, durable Cordura, the FHF Gear Bino Harness is designed to be quiet, lightweight, low profile, modular, and easily operated with one hand.
Shop Now
Steep Country Knife
Save this product
Benchmade
$162.00
A versatile fixed-blade capable of performing throughout any season, on any species.
Shop Now
TAC MTN Rifle Case New
Save this product
FHF Gear
$355.00
The TAC MTN Rifle Case was built with two major goals in mind: to protect firearms with a low profile ultra-durable case; and to provide the user with unexpected yet intuitive features, both in and out of the field- including while traveling. Offered in three sizes, the TAC MTN Rifle Case isn’t your standard soft case. Not only will these cases fit INSIDE select hard cases for easy travel, but we’ve incorporated firm 1” marine-grade foam to mimic...
Shop Now
Transfer Pack
Save this product
First Lite
$325.00
The Transfer Pack is the Whitetail hunter’s workhorse. Purposefully engineered to efficiently pack and unpack every piece of gear you’ll need in the woods, including a tree stand, climbing sticks, and your bow. The Transfer Pack's versatility is perfect for anyone hunting out of a saddle or a tree stand, as its bucket-style design and multiple hanging configurations allow the hunter complete access to extra stowed gear and accessories throughout...
Shop Now
Diamondback HD Binoculars 10x42
Save this product
Vortex Optics
$249.99
Rock-solid optic that optically punches high above its class.
Shop Now
Save this article