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Tempe, AZ- Steven Rinella talks with Wild Horse and Burro Coordinator Dr. Tolani Francisco, along with wildlife ecologist Dr. Karl Malcolm, and Janis Putelis of the MeatEater crew.

Subjects discussed: kids and the fundamentals of bow shooting; the Pueblo Revolt; the brief and glorious lifespan of the equestrian buffalo hunters of the Great Plains; where feral horses end and wild horses begin; the Blitzkrieg Hypothesis; horse fat in your ceramics; mustangers; wild horse holding yards and adoptions; the flameout of a Navajo horse hunt; dying while stuck in the mud; the baddest mofos of the Pleistocene; the NY Times has a big miss; mountain lions as wild horse predators; poleaxing; and more.

– Related Links and Notes –

The Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971

 Bureau of Land Management – Wild Horse and Burro Program Website

 New York Times Article by Dave Philipps: Let Mountain Lions Eat Horses

Papers on the effects of feral horse grazing on other species and ecosystems

 Examining ecological consequences of feral horse grazing using exclosures, by Beever and Brussard (2000)

 Management Implications of the Ecology of Free-Roaming Horses in Semi-Arid Ecosystems of the Western United States, by Beever (2003)

 Community- and landscape-level responses of reptiles and small mammals to feral-horse grazing in the Great Basin, by Beever and Brussard (2004)

 The impact of feral horses on grassland bird communities in Argentina, by Zalba and Cozzani (2004)

Effects of feral horses in Great Basin landscapes on soils and ants: Direct and indirect mechanisms, by Beever and Herrick (2006)

 Papers on apparent competition

Predation, apparent competition, and the structure of prey communities, by Holt (1977)

Evaluating apparent competition in limiting the recovery of an endangered ungulate, by Johnson et al. (2013)

Experimental moose reduction lowers wolf density and stops decline of endangered caribou, by Serrouya et al. (2017)

The Gordian knot of mountain lion predation and bighorn sheep, by Rominger (2017) – Thanks to Eric Rominger, author of this paper, for suggestions on other supporting materials.

 Papers on mountain lion predation on feral horses

Seasonal mountain lion predation on a feral horse population, by Turner Jr. et al. (1992)

High foal mortality limits growth of a desert feral horse population in Nevada, by Greger and Romney (1999)

Influence of predation by mountain lions on numbers and survivorship of a feral horse population, by Turner Jr. and Morrison (2001)

 Other supporting papers

Ancient genomes revisit the ancestry of domestic and Przewalski’s horses, by Gaunitz et al. (2018)

Body size downgrading of mammals over the late Quaternary, by Smith et al. (2018)